|1. Channel bandwidth||Full system bandwidth||Variable system bandwidth to accommodate users with different data rates, 1.25, 2.50, 5.00, 10.00, 15.00 and 20.00 MHz, actual transmission bandwidth is a bit lower than this|
|2. Frequency-selective scheduling||Not possible||A key advantage of OFDMA, although it requires accurate real-time feedback of channel conditions from receiver to transmitter|
|3. Symbol period||Very short—inverse of the system bandwidth||Very long—defined by subcarrier spacing and independent of system bandwidth|
|4. Equalization||Complicated time domain equalization||Simple frequency domain equalization|
|5. Resistance to mulitpath||Rake receiver can combine various multipath components||Highly resistant to multipath due to insertion of cyclic prefix (CP)|
|6. Suitability for MIMO||MIMO is not suited to a wideband frequency selective channel||MIMO is suited to the independent narrowband flat fading channels that the subcarriers provide|
|7. Resistance to narrowband interference||Resistant to narrow band interference||Some subcarriers to be affected by narrowband interference|
|8. Separation of users||Scrambling and orthogonal spreading codes||Frequency and time although scrambling and spreading can be added as well|
Reference: Agilent 3GPP Long Term Evolution System Overview, Product Development and Test Challenges Application Note.
Author: John (YA)
John has over 15 years of Research and Development experience in the field of Wireless Communications. He has worked for a number of companies around the world including Qualcomm Inc. USA. He has an MS in Electrical Engineering from Virginia Tech USA and has published his work in international journals and conferences.